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|— City —|
Building in downtown|
|Motto: Home of the Tualatin River National Wildlife Refuge|
Location in Oregon|
|Coordinates: 45°21′25″N 122°50′36″W / 45.35694°N 122.84333°W / 45.35694; -122.84333Coordinates: 45°21′25″N 122°50′36″W / 45.35694°N 122.84333°W / 45.35694; -122.84333|
| - Type
||Mayor Council City Manager|
| - Mayor
| - Total
||4.1 sq mi (10.5 km2)|
| - Land
||4.1 sq mi (10.5 km2)|
| - Water
||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
||193 ft (58.8 m)|
| - Total
| - Density
||3,930.5/sq mi (1,534.8/km2)|
| - Summer (DST)
|GNIS feature ID
Sherwood' is a city in Washington County, Oregon, United States. Located in the southeast corner of the county, it is a residential community in the Tualatin Valley southwest of Portland. The population was 11,791 at the 2000 census. The 2006 estimate is 16,115 residents. Indirectly named for the Sherwood Forest in England, it was first incorporated in 1893 as a town.
What is now the Sherwood area was originally inhabited by the Atfalati band of the Kalapuya nation. The first significant wave of United States emigrants arrived in 1842. Native Americans were relocated to reservations after the Donation Land Claim Act of 1850-5 gave American citizens exclusive ownership of these lands. The relocation process took place under the guidance of a series of federal employees, most notably Superintendent of Indian Affairs Joel Palmer, who was severely criticized for his humane treatment of the tribes.
The California Gold Rush of 1849 caused a dramatic shift in the area's economy. Oregon City, Oregon is located on a stretch of the Willamette River that had always been attractive to trade since prehistoric times, when trading activity was dominated by the Chinookan tribe. When settlers of European extraction began arriving in large numbers, Oregon City became (arguably) the "End of the Oregon Trail". After the Gold Rush, however, Portland, Oregon replaced Oregon City as the area's most important center of trade and commerce. Sherwood is located within twenty miles (32 km) of both cities.
The name "Sherwood" arose from a declination of naming the town "Smock Ville" after its co-founders James Christopher and Mary Ellen Smock. In 1885, the Smocks gave a right-of-way on their property to the Portland and Willamette Valley Railway. The Smocks platted the town in 1889, the sam
Sherwood downtown from the corner Railroad and Main looking North
e year rail service began. Tradition has it that no one, not even the town's founders, liked the name "Smock Ville," and so a public meeting was held to rename the town. A prominent businessman, Robert Alexander, suggested the name "Sherwood." According to post office records, Alexander was from Sherwood, Michigan, and this was the town that was named after Sherwood Forest England. The U.S. Postal Department began sending mail to the Town of Sherwood, Oregon on July 5, 1891. Smock was the first postmaster. The Town of Sherwood was incorporated under Oregon Senate Bill 36 in 1893.
The main industry in the 1890s was a pressed brick yard which closed in 1896, a victim of the deep recession of 1893. The Klondike Gold Rush of 1897 revived Sherwood's economy. In 2007, Money placed Sherwood among the twenty most livable towns in America. In August 2009, Family Circle named the city one of America's most "family friendly" small towns.
The population of the city in 1911 was 350 within a 1-square-mile (2.6 km2) city limit. In 2004, the population had grown to 14,050 people and 4.5 square miles (12 km2).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.1 square miles (10.5 km²), all of it land.
Modern houses along 99 West
As of the census of 2000, there were 11,791 people, 4,253 households, and 3,300 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,895.5 people per square mile (1,118.6/km²). There were 4,412 housing units at an average density of 1,083.4/sq mi (418.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.36% White, 0.43% African American, 0.51% Native American, 2.22% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.76% from other races, and 2.67% from two or more ethnicity. Hispanic or Latino of any ethnicity were 4.72% of the population.
Coffee shop in downtown Sherwood
There were 4,253 households out of which 46.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.7% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.4% were non-families. 17.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the city the population was spread out with 31.7% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 41.2% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, and 5.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $62,518, and the median income for a family was $67,277. Males had a median income of $47,920 versus $33,657 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,793. About 1.5% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.
There are four elementary schools (J. Clyde Hopkins, Middleton, Archer Glen, Edy Ridge), two middle schools (Sherwood Middle School, Laurel Ridge), and one high school, Sherwood High School, in the Sherwood School District. Each elementary school holds around 600 students, Sherwood Middle School has about 1000, and the high school has an enrollment of approximately 1300